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1882 1884.



Mrs. M. L. D. PUTNAM, Chairman. Dr. C. C. PARRY. Rev. W. H. BARRIS. JAMES THOMPSON, Dr. C. H. PRESTON.

The authors of the various papers are alone responsible for what is contained in them.

The date of the printing of each sheet is printed in each signature line.


Pee aCe

IN presenting to the scientific public Volume IV. of the Proceedings of the Dav- enport Academy of Natural Sciences, the Publication Committee entertains the hope that it may be found not unworthy its predecessors. In its preparation some discouraging obstacles have been encountered, but through the generous support of friends of the Academy, here and elsewhere, these have been successfully sur- mounted, and it is now completed, ready for distribution, with only a slight indebt- edness, which, it is confidently believed, will be easily liquidated from sales of the volume. When it is considered that these publications are carried on without any stated fund for the purpose, but relying entirely upon voluntary contributions, lovers of science elsewhere should derive encouragement, and be inspired to similar efforts by the success of the undertaking.

The present volume contains a brief synopsis of the proceedings of the Academy for the years 1882, 1883, and 1884. In its preparation the records of routine and unfinished business, and of meetings of Trustees, have been omitted, in order that greater space might be reserved for papers of permanent scientific interest. The contributions to the museum during the years 1879, r880, and 1881 are also in- cluded in this volume.

Asa matter of great practical interest, because of the encouragement it affords to scientific study and research, the payment of the large indebtedness incurred in the erection of the Academy building, and the commencement of a permanent en- dowment fund, deserve special mention. This good work was accomplished in 1883, during the Presidency of E. P. Lynch, Esq.; and while the citizens of Dav- enport generally are entitled to grateful thanks for their generous contributions, the timely and well-directed exertions of Hon. George H. French, Major George P. McClelland, and Nicholas Kuhnen, Esq., in bringing about these satisfactory results, are deserving of hearty acknowledgments from all the votaries of science.

The present volume will be found to contain some valuable contributions, not only to the flora of Iowa, but to the science of botany. Mr. J. C. Arthur has fur- nished to it numbers V. and VI. of his “Contributions to the Flora of Iowa.” These papers, which commenced with the publications of the Academy, and have

gone through all its volumes, have been well received by botanists, and are re-


garded as containing valuable additions to the science. This department of science has been further illustrated by our associate, Dr. C. C. Parry, whose botanical papers in the present volume are deserving of especial notice. These contributions are: “Arctostaphylos, Adans.,’’? consisting of notes on the United States Pacific coast species from recent observations of living plants, including two new species from Lower California; also a description of some “New Plants from Southern and Lower California.” But by far the most notable of his contributions is his paper

> wherein the writer undertakes the revision of the

on “Chorizanthe, R. Brown,’ genus, and rearrangement of the annual species, with one exception, all in North America. It is a gratification to be able to note the fact that this “new departure” in the science by the revision and rearrangement made by Dr. Parry has been re- ceived with favor by botanists generally, and has been adopted at the Royal Herb- arium, Kew Gardens, England.

This volume also contains interesting papers by Prof. E. W. Claypole, on “The Chambers Lightning Rod;” by Mr. Charles Wachsmuth, “On a New Genus and Species of Blastoid,” and a “Description of a New Crinoid from the Hamilton Group of Michigan;” and by Prof. W. H. Barris, “Descriptions of some New Blastoids from the Hamilton Group,” a “Description of some New Crinoids from the Hamilton Group,” and “S¢ereocrinus, Barris.”” The papers by Mr. Wachs- muth and Professor Barris are finely illustrated, and the articles upon the “Blast- oids,”’ which first appeared in Volume VII. of the Illinois Geological Reports, have been carefully revised by the authors for this volume. Geologists will find in these well-considered papers the results of much careful study and close observation, and, in the line of original research, will welcome them as valuable additions to the science.

An interesting contribution to the science of archeology, by Dr. W. J. Hoff- man, of the Bureau of Ethnology, connected with the Sniithsonian Institution, is contained in this volume, in his paper entitled “Remarks on Aboriginal Art in Cali- fornia and Queen Charlotte’s Island.” The illustrations which accompany this article were furnished by the author. A further archzeological contribution of more than ordinary interest is made by William H. Holmes, who is connected with the United States Geological Survey and Bureau of Ethnology, Washington, D. C. This monograph is entitled “Ancient Pottery of the Mississippi Valley,” and is a study of the collection in the museum of the Davenport Academy, which is con- sidered one of the most valuable in the country. Mr. Holmes is a skillful artist, and made the drawings of our pottery which were used for the illustrations which accompany his article. These illustrations were furnished by the author, through the department with which he is connected, without expense to the Academy. It will be noticed, from the record of proceedings, that the proposition of Mr. Holmes,

on behalf of the Bureau of Ethnology, to engrave the pottery in our museum for


the use of the Academy, on condition that the Bureau should also be allowed to make use of them in its publications, was a principal inducement to the early pub- lication of this volume.

In the same line of research, Mr. C. E. Harrison has a paper entitled “A Report of Mound Explorations near Pine Creek, Muscatine County, Iowa,” and Dr. C. H. Preston another, entitled “Mound Explorations near Joslyn, Rock Island County, Illinois.” The excellent “Biographical Sketch of the late Dr. Robert James Farquharson,” by Dr. W. D. Middleton, will be read with interest by the many friends and admirers of our deceased associate. The fine phototype portrait of Dr. Farquharson, which forms the frontispiece to the volume, was furnished with the assistance of the Scott County Medical Society, aided by a generous contribu- tion from J. D. Campbell, Esq., of New York.

A revised edition of a paper entitled “Elephant Pipes and Inscribed Tablets in the Museum of the Academy of Sciences, Davenport, Lowa,” by Charles E. Putnam, together with selections from the correspondence connected therewith, is included in an appendix to this volume. This paper was originally prepared and distributed as a separate publication, for the purpose of vindicating the genuineness of the relics in question, the integrity of the discoverer, and the good faith of the members of the Academy. The occasion which made it necessary was an article by Henry W. Henshaw, in the Second Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, entitled

> wherein an unjustifia-

“Animal Carvings from Mounds in the Mississippi Valley,’ ble assault is made upon the authenticity of the elephant pipes and inscribed tablets, and in connection with their discovery Rev. Mr. Gass is plainly charged with the perpetration of a fraud. These ruthless accusations had the endorsement of Major J. W. Powell, Director of the Bureau, and, being embodied in the ponderous re- port of that department, were thus secured a permanent place in scientific literature. As this Government publication was destined to pass into the hands of investigators who would have no data by which they could detect the many blunders and mis- statements in Mr. Henshaw’s paper, it was calculated to do the Davenport Acad- emy great injury; and hence, as a partial protection against this injustice, it was deemed advisable to include the “Vindication” prepared by Mr. Putnam among the permanent publications of the Academy.

The publication of Volume V. of the Proceedings has already been commenced. No less than four valuable scientific papers are now in the hands of the printers, and these will be issued and distributed as part of the volume. Among these papers, Prof. W. H. Barris, of Griswold College, contributes a review of a pam- phlet on the “Geology of Scott County, Lowa, and Rock Island County, Illinois,” by Mr. A. S. Tiffany. This review, while it is entirely impersonal, is a searching criticism, from a scientific stand-point, of the publication in question, and it will be

found a valuable contribution to the geological history of this vicinity.


Prof. R. E. Call and Mr. H. A. Pilsbry jointly contribute a paper entitled “On

Pyrgulopsis—a New Genus of Fresh-water Rissoidz, with Descriptions of New

Species.” Professor Call also contributes an illustrated paper on “Certain Recent and Quaternary Fresh-water Mollusca,” and Mr. Pilsbry another on local mollusca. These papers are the results of original research, and add new and important facts to the interesting science of conchology.

In presenting this sketch of the scientific progress of the Academy, mention should be made of the formation in this city of two chapters of the Agassiz Asso- ciation of America, with the purpose in view of engaging in the study of the nat- ural sciences. This Association is to hold a national convention in this city during the coming summer. Another organization has been established here, known as the “Humboldt Society,” which seeks to unite philosophical speculations with scien- tific investigations. All these societies hold their meetings in the Academy build- ing. It is an interesting circumstance that the membership of these organizations is made up wholly of young men and women, largely students in our public schools, and from these sources, in the near future, the Davenport Academy is encouraged to expect valuable additions to its own membership.

The Publication Committee desires to express its obligations to Mr. C. E. Put- nam for his valuable assistance in preparing the synopsis of proceedings for publica- tion; and also to Mr. C. D. Glass, of the publishing house of Glass & Axtman, for his efficient aid in proof-reading, and for his excellent work in the printing of this


DaveNpoRT, Iowa, March 22, 1886.

Osan Nar ae

Preface, é :

President’s Adar ess, jantiaty 4, “1882 hag C. HH Preston,

Report of Treasurer, January 4, 1882— C. £. Putnam,

Report of Curator, January 4, 1882 WV. H. Pratt,

Report of Recording Secretary, Januaty 4, i882 Wiss Lucy M. Pratt,

Report of Librarian, January 4, 1882 Miss Fulia FE. Sanders, .

Election of Officers, -

List of Contributions to the Wittens 3876- 1881,

Contributions to the Flora of Iowa, No. V.— ¥. C. Arthur, : ;

Arctostaphylos Notes on U. S. Pacific Coast Species Dr. C. C. Parry,

New Plants from Southern and Lower California Dr. C. C. Parry,

The Chambers Lightning Rod— Prof. £. W. Claypole, .

Chorizanthe Revision of the Genus, ete.— Dr. C. C. Parry,

Contributions to the Flora of Lowa, No. VI.—¥. C. Arthur, :

On a New Genus and Species of Blastoids (illustrated)— Charles Wachsmuth,

aan of some New Blastoids from the Hamilton Group (illustrated) Prof. W. H. Barris,

Deaton of a New Crinoid from the Honiton Group si Michigan (il

lustrated)— Charles Wachsmuth,

Descriptions of some New Crinoids from the Eeamilion as (tinstrated) Prof. W. H. Barris,

Stereocrinus, Barris (revised)— Prof. W. 1. Baxeies

Remarks on eee Art in California and Queen Gharlatte’s S ileal (il- lustrated)— Dr. W. F. Hoffman,

Ancient Pottery of the eee Valley Gngstracealye William H. Wetnes

Report of Mound Exploration near Pine Creek C. £. Harrison,

Report of Mound Exploration near Joslyn, Ill.— Dr. C. H. Preston,

Biographical Sketch of Dr. R. J. Farquharson Dr. W. D. Middleton,

Synopsis of Proceedings, 1882-1885,

Standing Committees for 1882,

Resolutions on the Decease of Mrs. S. R. B. Millar,

Resolutions on the Decease of Major T. T. Dow,

Resolutions on the Decease of Mrs. Sophie C. Gronen,

Resolutions on the Decease of Mrs. D. S. Sheldon,

Resolutions on the Decease of Mrs. Jennie True Miner, :

Annual Meeting, January 3, 1883 Reports of Officers, etc.,

Report of Recording Secretary Wiss Lucy M, Pratt,


Report of Treasurer Frank A. Balch, Report of Librarian Miss Fulia EL. Sanders, Report of Curator lV. H. Pratt, : President’s Annual Address Dr. C. Hl. Preston, Election of Officers for 1883, Citizens’ Meeting to devise means to pay oft the indefedness of the Readainy Report of Publication Committee Completion of Volume III., Obituary Notice of Dr. John Le Conte— Dr. C. C. Parry, Annual Meeting, January 2, 1884, . : Report of Treasurer C. £. Harrison, Report of Curator W. H. Pratt, Report of Librarian— Dr. Fennie McCowen, Report of Recording Secretary —— Miss Lucy M. Pratt, President’s Annual Address —- £. P. Lynch, Election of Officers for 1884, . Obituary Notice of Dr. George Rncalmarn —_ a CG. C.3Parras Resolutions concerning Legislation on Patents, Resolutions upon the Death of Dr. Farquharson, : APPENDIX Elephant Pipes and Inscribed Tablets— C. £. P utnam, Correspondence, Criticisms of the Press, Supplementary Note,




Portrait of Dr. R. J. Farquharson, from PESEPeneD by Hastings, White & Fisher, Davenport, Lowa, : : Frontispiece Plates I. and ae Thirteen figures of Grinnids: : : : 104 Plates III., 1V., and V.— Indian Pictographs, . : . 122


- Figures. Page. New species of Blastoids, : : d : : Ese 2 84 New species of Blastoids, 3 83 Scale of forms of ancient pottery, : : : : rule 133 Forms of bowls of ancient pottery, . : : 2,04; 135 Modifications of rims, . : : ; : seep 136 Bowls from Arkansas, : : 3 : : Vigeake® 127 Bowls from Arkansas, incurved rims, . ; ; set PhO SEO! 138 Cups, eccentric forms, : : ; : ; TY, 12; 139 Rectangular vessel, : : : : : ; a 140 Burial casket, : 5 é : : i 14, 140 Clay vessels imitating shells, : 3 : : 5 15, 10; 142 Clay vessels imitating shells, . : : : : WER Os 143 Vessels imitating fish, . : , : : 1g, 20, 144 Vessels imitating frogs, ; ; : ee 22, 144 Animal forms raccoon (?) and sivkes head : ; : 22a, 145 Bird forms, . ; , , : : 3 25, 26, 146 Two-headed bowl, : : : : : 2. 147 Heads of birds, outlines, : ; : : : 28, 148 Grotesque heads, outlines, . ; : : : 29, 148 Bowls with such heads attached, 30.03 149 Bowls with such heads attached, : 823435 150 Bowls ornamented with ridges, , ; L : 34, 151 Bowls with form of bat, Pecan Point, . : : BG 151 Bowls with human head, ; ; f : : 36; 152 Forms of pots (outline), BYE 153 Modification of handles, as; 153 Tall, cylindrical, flaring bowl, : 39, 154 Pots (ornamented), . : ; ; - 40, 41, 42, 43, 155 Pots (ornamented and with handles)... : g 44, 45, 46, 47, 156 Pot from Pecan Point, : : ; : ; 45, 157 Pot from Hale’s Point, Tennessee (18 inches in diameter), ; 49, 157

Pot finely ornamented, and with ten handles, : F 50, 158


Figures. Forms of low-necked bottles, —. ? : , pe Short-necked, wide-mouthed bottles, : : : 52, 53> Short-necked, wide-mouthed bottles, —. - ; : 54, 55> Bottle with incised line drawings of winged serpents; very remarka- ble design, : 3 5 ; F : 56, The complete figures on the above vessel, 2 : 57> Eccentric forms, . : : ; : : 58, 59; Eccentric forms, : : ; : 60, Vessel with grotesque head 5nd tail ad teehee ; : 61, Vessel form of sunfish, : : ; oe } 62, Vessel form of raccoon or opossum, 2 : : 63, Vessel with animal head and tail, partly color a red, 3 64, Head-shaped vase, with tattooing (Pecan Point), , : 65, Projection of the engraved figures on the above face, : 66, Showing head-covering of same, . . : : 67, Scale of forms -— high-necked bottles, 3 ; , 68, Scale of forms—tripods, : 2 : : ; 69, Scale of forms —stands, : : cul Raye ; 70, Compound forms (outline), ; : : . : 9h3 Adaptation of the human form, ; : ; : 72, High-necked bottle (plain), Tennessee, . : : z 73> High-necked bottle, imitation of gourd, : : : 74, Bottles (slightly ornamented), . : : : 75, 76, Compound form of bottle, . é é ; : Wis Compound form of bottle, . : : : : 78, 79, Tall bottle, with perforated stand, . : : : So, Bottle engraved with scrolls, : : j : ; 81, Tripod bottle, hollow feet, . : : 2 ; 82, Tripod bottle, red and white, . é , ; 83, Tripod bottle, plain, . : : 84, Vessel with handle, consisting of a hollow ar passing over from side to side, with opening at the top, aes ; 85, Bird form owl (?), red and white, : 3 : : 86, Small bottles, with animal heads, é : ? : 87, 88, Small bottles, with grotesque human heads, ; : . 89, 90, 91, Effigy vase, unusually large and fine, : : 92, Showing positions of feet on such specimens, é - 935 94, 955 Effigy vases (Arkansas), : 3 96, 97; Vase from Mound No. 3, Cook’s Fata Davenrec : : 98, Bowl from mound at Albany. Ill.,. 2 : < 99; Cups from Alabama and Arkansas, : : : > 100, SOEs Large bowl from Alabama (neatly ornamented), —. : 102, Bottle with engraved figure of a bird, . : : 103, Bottle with representations of hands and faces, predsiced im tints (Alabama), : : : - p 24 1045.15, Design on a vase from Arkansas, , , , ; -——, Elephant Pipes in Academy Museum, . : ; : 7

Elephant Mound in Wisconsin, P ; : : ae

Page. 159 160 161

162 163 164 165 165 166 167 167 169 170 171 172 172 172 173 173 173 174 175 176 177

186 188 IgI 192 193 194

195 196 271 272









The President, Dr. C. H. Preston, in the chair.

Sixteen members and three visitors present.

The reports of officers were presented and referred to the Publication Committee :


LapiEs AND GENTLEMEN OF THE ACADEMy :— Having occu- pied for so short a time the chair made vacant by the death of our late honored associate, J. Duncan Putnam, I feel most painfully my inability to take his place to-night, to offer an acceptable substitute for the address we had hoped to hear from his earnest lips. Living in and for the Academy, and in that love of nature and nature’s truths which the Academy represents, he knew its every want, its points of weakness and of strength, all it has done, is doing and hopes to accomplish. Each addition to library or museum he not

[Proc. D. A. N.S., Vou. IV.] I [ Nov. 18, 1883.]


only noted and appreciated but rejoiced in, as a more than personal gain. Had he been spared but a few short weeks, the address you would have listened to now would have glowed with the warmth of a paramount labor of. love.

As it is, I can do little more than refer you to the various official reports which have just been read in your hearing, and point to this building with its large recent addition of shelf-room, already crowded and insufficient, as the best witness of results to date and of pie ing wants for the future. .

The year just past has been, in the aggregate, about equal to the prosperous year preceding, in additions to library and museum ; but in increase of membership and attendance at meetings there has been something of a falling off. Nine regular, two life, and six cor- responding members have been added, which would show a healthy growth if all members, both old and new, would maintain an active interest in meetings and work. But an average of ten only at the regular meetings, with but four meetings of the Board of Trustees, does not evidence that interest which ought to exist. As to the difficulty experienced in assembling a majority of our fif.een Trus- tees, it has been largely due to the retention in office of honored members who have ceased to reside in our midst. Desirable as it is to lose none of the influence and counsel of firm friends and for- mer associates, I think it advisable that the Board should, in the future, consist wholly of resident members; to the end that the affairs of the Academy may not suffer neglect. The number con- stituting a quorum might indeed be reduced, but not without amend- ing the articles of incorporation, and the move might not be for the best. In the work proper of the Academy our one great want is interested hearts with willing hands.

In science as elsewhere, there occurs but seldom, unfortunately, that happy combination of circumstances which clears all obstruc- tions from the road to success. The man who, to an ardent love for some special branch of scientific work, adds an aptitude for it, health, mental ability, and means, and is spared to pursue it toa ripe old age, is favored almost beyond the acme of human hope; and all that he can accomplish in a lifetime, at his chosen pursuit, for the mental or physical improvement of his fellow men, is cheerfully given in return. But few indeed have the liking combined with the brains and strength for continuous hard mental work ; and of those so gifted, few but are forced to limit their studies to odd hours stolen


from the struggle for daily bread. And how often, alas! is the earnest young scientist, who, born for his work, drawn to it as by an irresistible magnet, having mastered opposition and seen the way to usefulness and distinction opening up brightly before him, how often, in the mysterious ordering of earthly events, is he called on to stay his feet on the threshold, to give up high hopes and unselfish ambition, and—like him we so newly and deeply lament—to lay down his life and his life-work unfinished together !

That our honored associate, knowing as he did, the probable event, knowing that his day of work must end with the morning hours, still kept right on, did not idly fold his hands and rest from the sowing whose harvest he might not reap, was the noblest act of a bright, inspiring life. Since to rest gave no hope of recovered health or even of long reprieve, the talents entrusted to his keeping might not lie unused for a moment.

What a lesson for the vigorous youth of our city, for many mem- bers of this organization even, who are letting the golden days speed by unimproved; even seeking to hasten the flagging hours by frivolous or worse dissipation! Fragments of truth, in what- ever field they may be found, are treasures the smallest of which may lead to a very Golconda of intellectual or material wealth. Truth-seekers in some, in azy direction, are what humanity most needs. Here in this Academy is opportunity for mutually healthful work, but where are the host vf workers? We should constitute a busy hive. Our shelves and publications should overflow with a honeyed store of original accumulations. Not many—though some, it is to be hoped—will be found among us to continue the special work which J. Duncan Putnam so loved. But Entomology and Embryology, out of which in a few shoit years he won an envied fame, are but parts of the broad field here lying fallow.

Is there not some one who could devote a portion of his time to collecting and studying our native birds, their habits, food, nesting, etc., and place in the museum a pair: of each species, with eggs, nest, and description? ‘The work once begun would widen out and afford recreation at least, for a lifetime. So with a study of the fishes and reptiles of our streams; our river and land shells; the small mammals of our woods and fields; our flowering herbs, shrubs, and forest trees; our mosses and ferns; fungi and infusorial life ; crystal forms and chemical reactions; histology and comparative anatomy, etc. In each of the many departments of science, and in each many


times subdivided, there is work which we ought to do. Nature’s voices call to us on every hand—unheeded. Those who listen, she makes immortal, as the bearers of good gifts. If the Academy had but a score of earnest workers, I have faith to believe it would not long lack support and appreciation. But a score of persons who can and will devote their whole time to natural science, is more than can be expected in a city of twenty-five thousand ; simply because the born scientist is seldom born rich, and the child of affluence seldom combines aptitude, industry, and brains. ‘There are many, however, who could and would be science-workers, in the intervals of other employ, if they could only be led to make the start. To such let me say: the Academy would be rich could it claim but a tithe of your wasted hours. Young ladies with not much to do but dress, make a study of some insect, or bird, or flower! Young men with part of each day unemployed, make some of your social calls on the denizens of the woods or of the micro- scopic world. Learn to observe, to interpret, and to describe!

It is a reproach to our city that we have not yet developed one skilled taxidermist. Such an one would be an invaluable aid to our growing museum. Will not some one resolve to thus earn the thanks of all who may visit the Academy in the future? Three or four earnest toilers have, thus far, done the work which makes our collection commendable as it is. From day to day and from month to month, new material has been added and has taken shape in the beautiful new cases as you see them; but it has not pre- sented and arranged ztself. Work, hard work, and unceasing care have been required and will continue to be required, or the Academy will cease to prosper. One of our two mainstays in the past has been called from earth, and the other is no longer able to- make a free gift of his talent and time. I hope and trust that mem- bers and citizens will see the necessity, and come at once to the res- cue. It is imperative that we enable our faithful Curator to continue the work that enlists his heart, the institution to retain its most essential officer.

With a debt, on building and cases, of some $1600, and with an- nual receipts scarcely sufficient for current expenses, the work of Curator must go undone or be paid for by extra means. I trust I shall be pardoned for presenting this subject thus plainly and ur- gently, for it is one of vital importance. If we can tide safely over the present really perilous juncture, the Academy will go on with


a new lease of life, to become more and more useful, more credita- ble to its founders, and to the community of which it should be the pride.


LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE ACADEMY :— By the by-laws of the Academy it is made the duty of the Treasurer to render to the Trustees a general report, to be laid before the Academy at the annual meeting. In compliance with this requirement I hereby submit a statement of all receipts and disbursements during the past year, as follows, viz. :


RECEIPTS. EXPENDITURES. Cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1881, $15 35 Janitor, , 5 : . $180 00 Assessmentss, ; - - 196 00 Door-keeper, . oh epee - 50 00 _ Initiations, : c : 40 oo Printingand advertising, . 35 75 Door receipts, . : . 171 20 Coal, wood, and gas, : » CO OF Rents, : : és : 3 00 Postage and revenue stamps, 23 90 Contribution box, : I 30 Photographing, : : 8 25 Freights returned, . : 2 40 Recording deed, . . : 85 Loan on mortgage, . - 600 00 Freight and expenses, : 54 66 Balance endowment fund, 14 50 Insurance, P ; ; 5S) 9 Balance ladies fund, . g6 38 Cases and repairs, . : 453 38 Advances by Treasurer, . 82 94 Interest, : : : . 66 30 Cash in bank, 5 : E 5 82 Noteto CE. Putnam, ~~ 239 90 Cash with dcor-keeper, \- 650 Total, j - $1228 So Total, ; é - $1228 89

Deducting from the cash advances as above reported, the balance remaining in bank, and it will leave the sum of $77.12 due from the Academy to the Treasurer.



Balance on hand, Jan. 1, 1881, $3 00 Loaned general fund, : $14 50 Donations, . : . : II 50

Total, : : 5 $14 50 Total, ; a : $14 50

In addition to above Dr. A. S. Maxwell has made a donation of certain lots in Le Claire, valued at $25.00, on account of this fui:d, and the Academy has received from him a deed for same.


RECEIPTS. EXPENDITURES. Balance on hand, Jan. 1, 1881, $ 04 Concert expenses, . $40 00 Concert, Jan. 13, 1881, i 201 90 Note, C. E. Putnam, P I50 00

Washington tea party, Feb. 22. 75 65 Interest on loans, ; : 59 20


RECEIPTS. EXPENDITURES. Proctor’s lecture, March 22 253 75 Washington tea party . 42 65 Macomber’s lecture, April 4, 65 50 Proctor’s lecture, ; 4 34-25 Sales of articles donated, . 4090 Mound fund, . : ; 39 50 Lemonade stand, July 4,__.. 36 66 Macomber’s lecture, . : 59 25 Subscription, . : : . 20 30 Barrel of alcohol, . : 18 50 Interest on bank account, 1 28 Painting and papering, : 29 00 Taxes on Davis county land, 3 45 Chromos and frames, : 2 00 Lemonade stand, ; : 3 30 Glass jars and vials, ; 5 25 Publication committee expenses, 8 25 Mound builders’ pottery, . 5 00 Balance to general fund. 96 38 Total, ; t $695 98 Total, : : ; $695 98

This fund is one not provided for in the by-laws, and has been thus separately stated to show the considerable amounts received through the extraordinary exertions of the ladies of the Acad- emy.


At a meeting of the Trustees, January 20 h, 1881, they accepted a proposition of J. Duncan Putnam to furnish the use of type and printing material and to superintend the work of printing the pro- ceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, the Academy to be responsible for all money expended for printing of proceedings other than for type and material. They also authorized the Publication Committee to resume the printing of Vol. III. of the proceedings. Under this arrangement the private printing press and type belong- ing to the Putnam brothers and sister, were transferred to the Acad- emy. An arrangement was also made with Mr. Marsh, of the Ga- zette Company, to do the press-work for the Academy at $1.50 per one thousand impressions, we to furnish forms ready locked up, and paper. The following is a statement of the receipts and expendi- tures on this account as near as I have been able to ascertain them, Viz. :

RECEIPTS. EXPENDITURES. Subscriptions to Vol. III, . $84 67 Gazette company, : SROs Donations, f ; = 25,05 Paper ete : : 120 55 Door money, ; : : 17 55 Compositors, ; : ; 47-71 Lectures, ; : , . 825 Express and freight, 5 II 43 Advances, . . . 65 85 Balance in bank, : ; 15 23 Total, * $211 97 Total, ; 3 H $211 97

Taking from ‘‘ advances’’ above reported, the cash on hand, and it leaves the sum of $50,62 due the late publisher on this account. It is estimated that the paper on hand is sufficient to complete the printing of proceedings to date —128 pages of Vol. III. are already printed.



RECEIPTS. EXPENDITURES. Ladies fund, 2 ; -. $39 50 Paid debtto Mr. Gass, . $13 00 Donations, 5 : : 53 25 Explorations, E 3 «74ers Cash on hand, 4 ; 5 00 Total, . : ; : $92 75 Total, : : 3 = poz 75


RECEIPTS. EXPENDITURES. General fund, - : $1151 77 General fund, : . $1228 89 Endowment fund, : : 14 50 Endowment fund, . : 14 50 Ladies fund, . 5 : 695 98 Ladies fund, ; : 695 98 Publication fund, 3 - 161 35 Publication fund, : 5 211 97 Mound fund, : : 92 75 Mound fund, : : 92 75

Deficiency, : : : 127 74

Total, : f : $2244 09 Total, : , $2244 09

The above deficiency consists of $77.12 due the Treasurer, and $50.62 due the late Publisher.



Assessments past due, . $110 00 Janitor and door-keeper, . $232 00 Assessments, 1882, . . 250 oo Interest, . 3 F : 122 00 Door admissions, 4 : 200 00 Coal, wood, and gas, . j 100 00 Initiations, . - : . 100 00 Express, freight, and postage, 75 00 Entertainments, . . : 250 00 Insurance, : : 5 20 0O Museum expenses, 5 ; 50 00

Total, : : 3 $910 00 Potaly:\. : . $599 00

This estimate would leave a balance of receipts over expenditures of $311.00. I have not in- cluded expenses of publication in above estimate, but it is estimated that $200.00 per annum would be sufficient to continue publication.


The funded indebtedness of the Academy at this time consists of a mortgage held by Mr. Pickering for $1000, and another given Mr. Parsons for $600, making a total of $1600. This is, so far as I am aware, the total indebtedness of the Academy, with the exception of the advances due Treasurer and Publisher as above reported. The sum of $90 is still due on unpaid subscription for proceedings, which will be more than sufficient to liquidate indebtedness on that account. All floating indebtedness of the Academy has been paid, and enough, and more, can easily be collected on past due assess- ments to reimburse the Treasurer.



This properly concludes my duty as Treasurer, but in closing my official term I desire to call the careful attention of the members of the Academy to the need of providing for the care and supervi- sion of our valuable collection. The Academy has now, for years, had the benefit of the gratuitous services of our present Curator, and the museum itself, as well as its intelligent arrangement, are largely due to his zeal and skill. The time has now arrived when provision should be made for his compensation. Some immediate action should be taken to retain his services, and I trust it will be hearty, unanimous, and, above all, liberal.

All of which is respectfully submitted.

Cuas. E. Putnam, 7reasurer. JANUARY 4th, 1882.


LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE ACADEMY :—\Since the last report upon the museum, one year ago, an entire new series of cab- inet cases has been put in upon the main floor of the museum room, according to the original plan, consisting of six double cases, form- ing alcoves around the room, and one wall-case in corresponding style, giving a space of ninety-six feet in width and seven feet in height. They are built of ash outside, with glazed doors of seven- teen by forty-two inch panes, and with adjustable shelving twelve inches in depth from front to back; and they are well adapted to the purposes of the museum and at the same time are suitable for books, if it should at any time be desirable to devote that room to library pnrposes upon the completion of the entire building em- braced in the original plan. These cases cost $385, and constitute the best improvement made since we occupied this building. The cases formerly occupying that room have been placed down stairs, and are occupied, or are to be as fast as the work can be done, with mineral and geological collections.

The gallery contains eleven wall-cases six feet in width, the min- eral cases in the library room are twenty feet, in the basement are eleven cases, and in the botanical room, one case. The whole amount of cabinet space now available for the collections is over two hundred and fifty feet in width of cases, with glass doors. In addition to these are horizontal glass cases of aygregate area of


seven or eight square yards, and ten small cases with glass fronts. Also one large and five small botanical cases with wooden doors ; and a set of forty large drawers in the basement for storing speci- mens which it is not practicable or desirable to arrange for exhibi- tion. The additions to the museum during the year have been about as follows:

Carved stone pipes (mound builders), .. : : : 9 Copper axes (mound builders), : aL UE Pottery (mound builders), : . : 350 Bone implements and ornaments (oud tuildera): : : 5 GS Shell implements and ornaments (mound builders), . : : 80 Hematite implements and ornaments (mound builders), . Id Stone implements, . - ; ; : ; 50 Flint implements, - : : ; ; ; 350 Skulls, : j 21 Fishes from Pacific, areaeated by tie Smithsonian Tasniation 30 specimens Birds’ eggs, presented by Dr. Velie and others, ; : 60 specimens


Inscribed tablets, - : 4 Carved stone pipes, : : 41 Copper axes, ; 26 Copper awls, : ; 14 Copper heads, . . 300 Copper knives, etc., 4 Skulls, ! 36

And a miscellaneous eculenGas of other articles.


Vessels of ancient pottery, 8 600 Pipes (earthen), ; : : : é 10 _ Bone relics, awls, etc., : é : $e : 3 120 Shell ornaments, etc., : : : e : oo TG Skulls, A ; : : 17 Shell beads, from erent localities, over ; ; * [000 Indian and other skulls (exclusive of above), . ; , 40 Flint implements and weapons, : : : : : . 10000 Stone implements and weapons, : ; : : 1100 Hematite implements and weapons, ; F : : ; 32


Marine shells, about . 800 species. Birds’ eggs, : 87 species. Land shells, about . SOON pECies== Bushessaar. . 5 . 50 species. Fresh water shells, about 400 species. Reptiles, 3 : - 100 species. Mammals, stuffed, . r2ispecies. Llants,. - : 2500 species. Birds, stuffed, : . 85 species. Skulls of animals, about 50 species. Corals, sponges, etc., , : : : : : 7), *Iycase; Indian weapons, etc., ; : : é : ; I case. Historical relics and curiosities, : : we kGase:

[Proc. D. A. N.S., Vor. IV.] 2 | Nov. 18, 1883.]


In mineralogy, geology, and paleontology, we are still unpre- pared to present even an approximate report of the numbers of species or specimens. It is to be hoped that during the coming year better progress may be made in arranging and cataloguing the the collections in each department. This work becomes more and more imperatively necessary and urgent each year as the collections increase, and even now it will involve a great deal of labor.

There are also now in the museum the following collections on deposit :

Insects Three large cases and many small ones belonging to our late President, J. Duncan Putnam.

Birps —A fine glazed walnut case, containing one hundred spec- imens, belonging to Dr. Wm. L. Allen; and a general collection of archeological relics, fossils, minerals, and zoological specimens, filling five large cases in the lower story, belonging to Mr. Lindley.

We are still greatly deficient in our representation of the local fauna, except the molluscs, which are quite fully represented.

The mammals, birds, reptiles, and fishes need looking after.

Of insects no collection of any importance has been made for the Academy aside from Mr. Putnam’s collection, which is a very complete one of local as well as extra-limital species.

During the last year we have procured a barrel of alcohol for preserving specimens. A quantity of suitable bottles would now enable us to preserve many which can easily be obtained.

About $75 has been expended this year in mound explorations, bringing very satisfactory returns; and there is still an opportunity for important work to be done if the means ‘could be provided for the necessary expenses.

Respectfully submitted. W. H. Pratt, Curator.


LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF THE ACADEMY :— The Recording Secretary begs leave to report.

The meetings held during the year have been as follows: Regu- lar meetings of the Academy, 10; the average number present, 10; special meetings of the Academy, 1; regular meetings of the Trus- tees, 4; average number present, 5.